South Luangwa National Park

South Luangwa was founded as a game reserve in 1938, it became a national park in 1972 and now covers 9,050km2. The park is located in eastern Zambia, the southernmost of three national parks in the valley of the Luangwa River.

South Luangwa National Park has been named one of the greatest wildlife sanctuaries in the world. This isn’t without reason, visit South Luangwa and you will see an abundance of wildlife, especially around the Luangwa River.

Wildlife of South Luangwa National Park

The park supports large populations of Thornicroft’s giraffe, an endemic species to the park, and herds of elephants, Crawshay’s Zebras, Cookson’s wildebeest, both of which are endemic to the park, and Cape buffalos often several hundred strong.

South Luangwa is very well known for its big cats (and wild dogs). There are said to be at least 9 prides, however, the exact number of lions in the park is unknown. There is also a profusion of leopard in the park, known as ‘the valley of leopards’, experts say there are 3 leopards for every km2 in South Luangwa. The park isn’t only rich in big cats, the wild dogs, although more elusive than their feline counterparts, are prominent in the Luangwa Valley, there are multiple packs in the park, sometimes up to 40 members strong.

South Luangwa also plays host to many other animals: antelope, 14 different species in fact, including kudu, impala, bushbuck, sable and puku, as well as warthogs, hyena, monkeys, baboons, porcupine and much, much more. Get close to the river and you will see lots of crocodiles and hippos, it is estimated there are 50 hippos per km of river.

South Luangwa is also somewhat of a birder’s paradise, the park welcomes more than 450 species each year, in one day you could see 100 species. The birdlife includes many species typical of southern Africa and those more usually known from East Africa. The Visitor favourites include the Carmine Bee Eater and Lilac Breasted Roller, and the rare African Pitta and Narina Trogon.

Vegetation of South Luangwa National Park

Baobabs are a very common site across the park but there is a specific Baobab Forest where some of the trees are estimated to be over 300 years old meaning they were around before the first people started exploring the area. Sausage trees are known as Muvungula locally – again these are plentiful but always fascinating to see. The fruit can grow up to 3 feet in length and weigh up to 22 pounds. They grow from the centre of the maroon coloured flowers, which many mammals in the park feed on. Other trees you will spot in the park include Scrambled Egg Tree (Desert Cassia tree), Marula tree and tall vegetable ivory palm.

What to do in South Luangwa National Park

  1. Game drives:
    Game drives take place every morning and afternoon from each lodge in the Luangwa Valley, you will be accompanied by one of their qualified guides. During this activity, you will be taken through the park in an open 4×4 safari vehicle, where you will be able to observe the magnificent mammals and birds.
  2. Walking safaris:
    The Luangwa Valley is one of the few places in Africa where it is possible to walk amongst the wildlife. This is a fantastic opportunity to immerse yourself in the bush and learn more about the vegetation, ecology and insects of the park.
  3. Night drives:
    Night drives provide the opportunity to see a great variety of nocturnal animals. You may even get to see predators hunting. You will be accompanied by a guide and spotter, who are highly skilled in seeing the nocturnal beings.
  4. Photography safaris:
    Some lodges in Luangwa offer photography safaris which give guests the opportunity to sharpen their photography skills accompanied by a professional photographer. South Luangwa has great photographic hides where you can sit comfortably and wait as long as it takes to capture that perfect shot.

Who is the park good for?

South Luangwa is great for first-time safari-goers and seasoned safari pros. The park is much smaller than the most famous safari parks in Africa but it is arguably one of the top ten wildlife reserves on the continent. South Luangwa offers an unparalleled game and birdlife viewing experience and a rich landscape that will leave everyone with unforgettable memories.

South Luangwa National Park entry fees

Citizens (ZK): K41.70
Residents/SADC Nationals (USD): $20
International (USD): $25
Self-Drives (Residents/Non-Residents) (USD): $30

Where to stay in South Luangwa


Nkwali is one of those bushcamps you keep coming back to. Set downriver from the main entrance, much like Luangwa River Camp, you can access the park by boat across the river. This camp is a hippo haven! From the numerous hippo highways that make their way up the bank through pathways by the room to the resident hippo, Humphrey, who lives in the waterhole next to the pool.

Mfuwe Lodge

Mfuwe Lodge is, perhaps, one of the best-known lodges in the Luangwa valley, thanks to the elephants that annually walk through reception hoping to steal the mangoes at the back of the dining area. This incredible event occurs from late October through early December.


A rustic and authentic camp set on a normally dry riverbed, perfect for walking. Kuyenda Bush Camp is simple yet charming with a true back to nature feel. There are views stretching over the riverbed and nearby plain. Where there is plenty of wildlife to spot around camp making it an intimate safari experience.

Tours including this destination

MalZamBique Combo

22 days / 21 nights
Zambia, Malawi & Mozambique

Zambia In Style

11 days / 10 nights

Wild Zambia

17 days / 16 nights

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